时间:2020-12-29 16:32 来源：陕西成考网 点击: 206 次
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
There are many factors which may have an influence on adults and children being able to lead a healthy life.
Nowadays, people are very busy. Often, both parents work outside the home. Children are expected to take on more responsibility at home to help their parents. They also have sporting and leisure activities as well as school expectations.
The busyness also adds another factor: the need to use cars to get from one place to another quickly.
Today, society places a lot of emphasis on technology. Computers, DVDs. CDs, television, PlayStations and Xboxes have become major leisure activities, rather than traditional more active pursuits. This has led to a more sedentary lifestyle.
The media provide entertainment and information. (79)Unfortunately, they also promote fast food which fits easily into busy lifestyles. It is much more convenient at times to buy a quick takeaway rather than prepare a meal. The media constantly bombard(轰炸) their audience with ‘perfect’ body images, the need to buy the most fashionable clothes, the most up-to-date computer games, the best places to visit and the best things to do.
Environments vary. We may be exposed to pollution , such as cigarette smoke. This can be harmful to people who suffer from breathing difficulties. (80)Environments where passive smoking is unavoidable make it difficult to lead a healthy life.
It is important factor influencing healthy lifestyles is motivation. Or the desire to be healthy. Any person who wants to be healthy will find a way to be healthy ―if he/she is motivated enough!
11. The passage is mainly about _____.
A. benefits of a healthy life style
B. demands of daily life
C. factors affecting a healthy lifestyle
D. a positive approach to healthy living
12. The word “sedentary” in Paragraph 4 probable means _____.
A. having a lot of things to do
B. involving little exercise or physical activity
C. being isolated from the outside world
D. experiencing a lot of stress
13. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a factor leading to the popularity of fast food?
A. Cheap price. B. The media. C. Busy lifestyle. D. Convenience
14. Which is NOT listed as a factor influencing the ability to have a healthy lifestyle?
B. Economic factors.
C. Dependence upon cars.
D. Influence of family or friends.
15. According to the author, _____ may be the most important factor influencing healthy lifestyles.
A. technology B. cultural background C. environment D. the desire to be healthy